According to a survey of more than 50,000 people, about 11 percent of the world’s population often experience stomach pain while eating.
The study was presented at UEG Week Virtual 2021.
The study found that food-related pain is most common in young adults between the ages of 18 and 28, with 15% of them suffering.
Those who experienced frequent stomach pains associated with eating were also more likely to suffer from bloating, a swollen tummy, feeling full after eating or feeling full too quickly, constipation, and diarrhea. The same group also had more severe psychological distress and somatic symptoms (not gastrointestinal).
A total of 36 percent of people with frequent food-related pain suffered from anxiety, compared with 25 percent in the casual symptom group and 18 percent among those who never experienced food-related pain. Those who had frequent attacks also reported higher levels of depression (35 percent), compared with 24 percent in the casual symptom group and 17 percent in the group that never had food-related pain.
The study, based on the Rome Foundation’s Global Epidemiological Survey, 2 was obtained from an online survey of 54,127 people from 26 countries. The respondents were asked if they suffered from abdominal pain and whether it was related to food intake. They were divided into three groups: those who said their abdominal pain was food-related more than 50 percent of the time, those who had intermittent food-related pain 10-40 percent of the time, and those who rarely or never experienced pain. there was pain associated with eating.
Esther Colomier, study author and PhD researcher at KU Leuven, Belgium, and the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, explained: “The takeaway from this study is that people who experience food-related abdominal pain are more likely to experience other gastrointestinal disorders. symptoms and more often meet the criteria for disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI, formerly known as functional bowel disorders), including common conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), bloating and bloating. “
“They also have a higher burden of psychological and somatic symptoms, such as back pain or shortness of breath, which are associated with severe stress and functional problems. These symptoms cause stress and disruption in daily life, ”she added.
Lower gastrointestinal symptoms such as constipation and diarrhea were observed in 30 percent of those who reported frequent pain associated with eating, compared with 20 percent in the group who reported incidental symptoms, and 10 percent in the symptom-free group.
The same applies to bloating and bloating symptoms reported at least once a week in the group that experienced frequent pain while eating, compared to two or three days a month in the group with intermittent pain and one day Per month in a group. who had no symptoms.
Esther Colomier concluded: “The inclusion of food-related symptoms in future diagnostic criteria for DGBI should be encouraged. In clinical practice, evaluating food intake association in all DGBI patients can go a long way towards improving and personalizing treatment. Here, patients can benefit from a multidisciplinary approach, including dietary and lifestyle advice, psychological support and pharmacological therapy. ”
Professor Amy Sperber, lead author of the 2021 Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders (FGID) Global Epidemiological Study, which found that 40% of people worldwide have FGIDs or gut / brain axis disorders, said the results of Ms Colomier are of great interest. …
“Many patients with disorders of the gut-brain interaction (DGBI), such as irritable bowel syndrome and functional dyspepsia, attribute their symptoms to food and eating,” explained Professor Sperber. “The main complaint is the development of pain after eating. there is no significant data on this phenomenon, despite its potential importance for the treatment of patients and the study of the pathophysiology of these disorders, ”added Professor Sperber.
“This study is the first to use the Rome Foundation’s large Global Epidemiological Study database to gain insight into food-related abdominal pain and its implications. Analysis of this database allowed for an assessment of food-related pain in over 20 DGBIs. in terms of diagnosis and potential associations with variables related to socio-demographic factors, psychosocial variables and other variables, continued Professor Sperber.
“This allowed Esther Colomier and her team to present a comprehensive picture of food-related abdominal pain, its prevalence, social burden and its impact on the quality of life of patients with these very common disorders,” concluded Professor Sperber.
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