Stomach Cancer Awareness Month 2021: Stomach Cancer or Stomach cancer not very easy to diagnose as it develops slowly over the years and people show no symptoms in the earlier stages. In addition to family history and genetic predisposition, people who consume fewer fruits and vegetables and more salted and smoked foods are at risk.
Only less than 20 percent of patients with stomach cancer in our country they are diagnosed at an early stage, 50%, unfortunately, will have a locally advanced disease, and 25-30% will have a widespread or metastatic disease. November is considered Stomach Cancer Awareness Month, which aims to spread awareness of this deadly disease, which is the third most prevalent. cancer among men in India and the second most common cause of cancer death among Indian men and women aged 15 to 44.
Dr Krunal Hobragade, Consultant Surgical Oncology, HCG NCHRI Cancer Hospital in Nagpur, talks about stomach or stomach cancer, its symptoms and risk factors.
What is stomach cancer or stomach cancer
“Understanding stomach cancer helps you learn about the normal structure and function of the stomach. The stomach area consists of 5 parts: cardia, fundus, body (body), antrum and pylorus. The first 3 parts of the stomach (cardia, fundus, and body) are called the proximal stomach. The two lower parts (antrum and pylorus) are known as the distal stomach. Antral / distal stomach cancer is the most common cancer in the Indian population, ”says Dr. Hobragade.
Before stomach cancer develops, there are precancerous changes that often occur in the lining (lining) of the stomach. These early changes rarely show symptoms and therefore go unnoticed.
Stomach cancer or stomach cancer symptoms
“Cancer that occurs in different areas of the stomach can cause different symptoms and different outcomes. Treatment options depend on where the cancer cells are located, ”says Dr. Hobragade.
Here are the symptoms to watch out for:
* Difficulty swallowing (dysphagia)
* Feeling bloated or full after eating small amounts of food
* Incomprehensible discomfort in the abdomen, usually above the navel.
* Severe, persistent heartburn or indigestion
* Unexplained persistent nausea
* Abdominal pain
* Constant vomiting with or without blood
* Unintentional weight loss
* Dark stools due to altered blood
Stomach cancer: prevention tips
– Being overweight or obese increases the risk of stomach cancer. Regular exercise can also help lower your risk of stomach cancer.
– A diet of fresh fruits and vegetables prevents the risk of stomach cancer. Citrus fruits such as oranges, lemons, and grapefruit can be helpful.
– Drinking alcohol usually increases the risk of stomach cancer, so avoiding or limiting alcohol consumption reduces the risk.
– Treating H. pylori infection: Some early research has shown that giving antibiotics to people with H. pylori infection can reduce the number of precancerous lesions in the stomach and reduce the risk of stomach cancer.
People with a high genetic risk can consult a geneticist for genetic testing.
“Early diagnosis is the key to better prognosis for stomach cancer. You might consider getting a screening test if you think you are at risk of developing stomach cancer. The chances of recovery are higher if the diagnosis is made early. If you notice any of the symptoms, see your doctor. Early diagnosis will help improve treatment outcomes, ”says the expert.