The countries of the Global South that are most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change are unhappy. They came in good faith to the climate summit in Glasgow. However, the latest draft of Cop26, released today (Nov 13), does not give them the confidence they want and need to know that developed countries are serious about phasing out all fossil fuels and are helping them do the same. most. They suffer the worst effects of extreme weather, but feel that rich countries continue to refuse to acknowledge their historical responsibility for the crisis.
In 2009, developed countries promised to deliver $ 100 billion a year to help poorer countries adapt to climate change. However, this money never came in full. The agreement, made shortly before Cop, means that the entire amount – which developing countries clearly understand is too small to meet the challenge – will not be delivered until 2023.
As part of the Glasgow Police decision, the developing countries backed by China want “loss and damage financial object ”included in the final declaration. This will improve access to finance that can help populations better and faster cope with the devastation caused by extreme weather conditions. African countries are already spending up to 10 percent of annual GDP on adaptation, and it can take several years to gain access to funding. But such specific wording was not in the last text, and developing countries felt that the problem was again relegated to the background.
“Vulnerable countries have to settle for endless talk,” said Mohamed Ado, director of Power Shift Africa in Kenya.
“The voices of the most vulnerable and most affected by climate change have been drowned out, and fossil fuel corporations have pandered to the presidency of a British police officer,” Sanjay Vashist, director of the South Asia Climate Action Network NGO, said after the update was published. “Instead of building confidence, the global south has been fooled again. Instead of funding loss and damage, we have another green wave that will ensure genocide due to extreme weather events in developing countries. “
Cicondi Chabwuta, head of advocacy for Care International in southern Africa, said she was “disappointed with how countries continue to push for weaker lyrics in recent hours. Within two weeks, we reported that we should have funding for losses and damage, and we were hoping for a realistic plan. ” She insisted: “Climate justice should be the focus of the negotiators now.”
Speaking to reporters, Greenpeace CEO Jennifer Morgan echoed the call made Friday night by vulnerable countries and activists US President Biden “Intervene” and win the EU, US and UK presidencies to move this issue forward and get more ambition in the final text.
Unclear at the time of writing whether, without further progress, the current position of the draft agreement on losses and damage will turn out to be a red line for developing countries and whether the final agreement signed on Saturday afternoon will stop.
Textual language highlighting the need to phase out unreaxed coal and end ineffective fossil fuel subsidies. survived the night. The very mention of fossil fuels – “F-word” – in the UN text was welcomed by developing countries, but some countries, such as India, emphasize that their economies are still largely dependent on coal.
Developed countries have tended to or are switching from coal to gas. Many fossil fuel companies and some countries such as Russia believe that gas, the least emitting fossil fuel, can be a bridge to a cleaner future. But campaigners emphasize that renewables are now cheapest energy source in most countries and that the creation of a new infrastructure for an energy source incompatible with climate science does not affect the environment, or economic meaning. The International Energy Agency has made it clear what should be no further investment in new supplies of fossil fuels if the world has a chance to keep global warming at 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Morgan described the language associated with fossil fuels in the current version of the text as a “bridge” that can lead to a breakthrough in the energy transition. “It may be a defining moment in police history, but there is a group of countries that want to remove it.”
“We will have to fight with all our might to keep him there,” she insisted.