6 October World Health Organization calls for “widespread” use of the first ever malaria vaccine – RTS, S or Mosquirix – a common mosquito-borne disease which claims many lives every year.
“This is a historic moment. The long-awaited childhood malaria vaccine is a breakthrough in science, child health and malaria control, ”said WHO Director-General Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, according to the official statement.
The recommendation, developed by UK drug maker Glaxo SmithKline, “builds on the results of an ongoing pilot program in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi that has reached more than 800,000 children since 2019,” the statement said.
While not yet approved in India, here’s what you need to know about mosquito-borne disease.
What is malaria?
The disease, spread through the bite of infected mosquitoes, is caused by parasites. India alone accounted for 89 percent of malaria deaths in the South Asia region in 2006, and more than half of the country’s population was affected by the disease, according to reports from the World Health Organization (WHO). The organization also reports that since 2014, there have been major outbreaks of dengue, malaria, chikungunya yellow fever and Zika affected populations, claimed lives and destroyed health systems in many countries.
According to the authors of the 2019-Lancet study, which by 2050 found the results of a study in the 2019 Lancet magazine positively when it comes to ending malaria by 2050, more than 200 million cases of malaria are reported annually worldwide, carrying almost 50,000 lives.
The study also says malaria continues to plunge countries into cycles of inequality: in 2017, 85 percent of the world’s deaths occurred in 29 countries.
Symptoms such as fever, chills, Headache, nausea and vomiting, muscle aches and fatigue, sweating and headaches. However, symptoms usually appear about 10-15 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito, said Dr. Shuchin Bajaj, founder and director of Ujala Cygnus Group of Hospitals.
A blood test can confirm if you have malaria, according to Dr. Bajaj. WHO recommended confirming all suspected cases of malaria with clinical parasite tests, as the procedure takes only 30 minutes to complete. Only when a test is not available can it be diagnosed by observing the symptoms.
WHO is also proposing artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) for falciparum malaria and chloroquine-based therapy for vivax malaria. In order to remove the parasite from the bloodstream, the benefits of the procedure include: high efficiency, fast action and reduced likelihood of infection. resistance is developing.
Use mosquito repellents and wear long sleeves. Avoid stagnant water in or near your home. “Keep the environment clean, watch for common symptoms of malaria, and report to your doctor immediately,” said Dr. Vikrant Shah, an infectious disease expert at Zen Hospital.
It is also necessary to mist or spray disinfectant from time to time.
Some other measures include:
* Close windows and doors in the evenings in mosquito-infested areas.
* Have screens / wire mesh to close windows and doors and check their integrity.
* Use a mosquito net over the bed (permethrin-coated nets, if available).
* Use / add mosquito repellent to avoid mosquito bites.
* Apply mosquito repellent to exposed skin areas.
Malaria can be life-threatening, especially if you are infected with the P.falciparum parasite. Treatment is usually done in a hospital. Dr. Bajaj said your doctor will prescribe medication based on the type of parasite. “In some cases, the prescribed drugs may not cure the infection due to the drug resistance of the parasites. If this happens, your doctor may need to use more than one medication or change medications altogether, ”said Dr. Bajaj.
In addition, some types of malaria parasites, such as P. vivax and P. ovale, have liver stages where the parasite can live in your body for an extended period of time and reactivate at a later date, causing the infection to recur. “If you are found to have one of these types of malaria parasites, you will be given a second drug to prevent future relapse,” added Dr Bajaj.