World Osteoporosis Day: What you should know about postmenopausal osteoporosis

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Osteoporosis is a degenerative bone disease that can be caused by a lack of calcium, vitamin D, estrogen, or poor dietary habits, leading to the risk of fractures. It can occur to anyone, anytime.

According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), women are about four times more likely to develop osteoporosis than men. When they reach menopause and the ovaries stop producing estrogen, the disease can progress faster.

Dr. Archana Pathak, a gynecologist and obstetrician at CK Birla Hospital in Delhi, says a woman may experience several symptoms before menopause, and premenopausal osteoporosis is one of them. “During premenopausal osteoporosis, bone mineral density (BMD) becomes less than standard compared to the younger female population,” she says.

Postmenopausal osteoporosis symptoms

The doctor explains that this is a silent disease that sometimes goes unrecognized if the first signs and symptoms are ignored, namely:

* Bone fractures with minor trauma, bones become fragile.
* Discomfort when walking, climbing stairs, bending or even coughing.
* Pain, especially in the lower body, which affects the bending of the spine and breathing problems.
* Mild pain, deformity, arthritis, and difficulty in doing daily activities may also be felt.
* Other symptoms may include joint pain, muscle pain or weakness, and imbalance in the body.

Causes

According to Dr. Patak, women may have several reasons why women experience bone problems or post-menopausal trauma, but nearly half of these are secondary causes of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

You may feel mild pain, deformity, arthritis, and difficulty doing daily activities. (Photo: Getty / Thinkstock)

Some common reasons are:

– Poor nutrition
– Excessive use of alcohol and tobacco
– Genetically inherited
– Body size (women with thin bones are at greater risk)
– Changes in hormones

Secondary causes

– Diabetes
– Lack of vitamins
– Endocrine diseases
– Liver disease
– HIV infection
– Cushing’s disease
– celiac disease

Treatment

“There are different ways to treat postmenopausal osteoporosis. Women with low BMD (no other risks and reasons) must be subject to several restrictions without any medication to treat it. Women with BMD, other risk factors and secondary causes can be treated with medication, ”says the doctor, adding that the goal is“ to reduce bone damage and prevent injury or fracture and pain. ”

Several remedies that can help cure postmenopausal osteoporosis:

1. Calcium: One of the main causes of bone problems and fractures is calcium deficiency. With age, it is important to adequately replenish calcium reserves in the body.

2. Vitamins and nutrients: Lack of vitamin D, K, magnesium and other essential nutrients reduces the risk of fractures and improves muscle strength.

3. Lifestyle: Incorporating healthy habits, diet, and exercise into your daily routine can help increase BMD, improve body balance, and improve muscle strength.

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