Chinese President Xi Jinping on Saturday took the plunge in favor of integrating Taiwan with the mainland amid heightened tensions with the alienated self-governing island, saying the “Taiwan question” would be resolved and “peaceful reunification” was in the best interests of the people. at both sides.
The Taiwan issue does not tolerate “any outside interference,” Xi said as the US and Japan increased their support for the alienated island in the face of China’s increasingly aggressive stance.
Xi also made comments after China sent a record number of military aircraft into Taiwan’s air defense zone for four consecutive days as part of a public show of force.
Taiwan considers itself a sovereign state, but China views the self-governing island as a breakaway province. Beijing did not rule out the possibility of using force to achieve unification.
Speaking at the ornate People’s Great Hall in Beijing to commemorate the 110th anniversary of the revolution that ended the country’s last imperial dynasty, Xi said the biggest obstacle to Chinese reunification is the strength of “Taiwan independence.”
The Taiwan issue stemmed from the weakness and chaos of the Chinese nation, and it will be resolved as national renewal becomes a reality, said Xi, also general secretary of the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
“This is determined by the general trend of Chinese history, but more importantly, it is the common will of the entire Chinese people,” Xi said.
He said that after years of hard work, China’s national renewal has become a historical inevitability with stronger institutions, a stronger material base and a more active mindset.
“National reunification by peaceful means best serves the interests of the Chinese nation as a whole, including compatriots in Taiwan,” he said, even as he pledged to reunite an island of over 23 million that resists forced integration with the 1.4 billion mainland. … …
The 1911 Revolution, led by nationalists led by Dr. Sun Yat-sen, ended 2,132 years of imperial rule and 276 years of rule in Manchuria, and marked the beginning of the republican era in China, followed by the formation of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) in 1949.
Having chosen democracy, Taiwan seceded from the PRC in 1949 during the civil war with the CPC led by Mao Zedong.
Since coming to power in 2012, President Xi, 68, has made renewing the Chinese nation, realizing the Chinese dream, and integrating Taiwan into mainland China his main goals.
Tensions escalated last week after a Chinese military aircraft made a record 150 flights into Taiwan’s Air Defense Identification Zone (ADIZ), prompting the United States to express serious concern about the escalating conflict.
The intensity of China’s air raids prompted US President Joe Biden to remind Xi that they agreed to abide by the Taiwan Agreement during phone calls last month.
“I spoke with Xi about Taiwan. We agree, we will abide by the Taiwan Agreement. We made it clear that I don’t think he should do anything other than comply with the agreement, ”Biden said.
Xi said in his address that the Taiwan issue is a purely internal affair of China, which does not tolerate external interference.
“Full reunification of our country will and can be carried out,” he stressed.
Xi recalled that the mainland of the country adheres to the basic policy of peaceful reunification, and “One country, two systems” adheres to the policy of “One China” and the 1992 Consensus, and is working on the peaceful development of relations between the two sides of the strait.
But critics say China’s commitment to the “One country, two systems” principle has come into question after China took control of Hong Kong, a former British colony, with the National Security Act last year.
President Xi’s remarks on Saturday looked more conciliatory than his last major intervention in Taiwan in July, where he pledged to “crush” any attempts at formal Taiwan independence.
“Aggression and hegemony are not in the blood of the Chinese people. Our people hope for successful national development, but they also hope to see all the peoples of the world lead happy and peaceful lives, ”Xi said amid growing global concerns about the growing assertiveness of the communist giant in the Indo-Pacific.
“China will remain a champion of world peace, a participant in global development and a defender of international order, and we will do our best to make an even greater contribution to humanity,” he said.
“With courage and skill, we will overcome all major risks and challenges that could hinder our path to national renaissance and vigorously defend our national sovereignty, security and development interests,” he said, veiledly referring to the formation of the Quartet. The United States, India, Australia and Japan, and the creation of AUKUS, a trilateral security alliance between the United States, Britain and Australia.
He said that “compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Strait must take the right side of history and unite to achieve the complete reunification of China and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation,” he said.
Xi Jinping said that those who forget their heritage, betray their homeland and seek to divide the country will not get a good ending.
Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen is a staunch supporter of Taiwan’s independence.
President Tsai said at a security forum in Taipei on Friday that while her government is not committed to military conflict, “Taiwan will also do everything it can to protect its freedom and democratic lifestyle.”
This came after Taiwan’s Defense Minister Chiu Gocheng said Wednesday that China could carry out a “full-scale” invasion of the island by 2025.
Although Xi did not mention the use of military force in his Saturday speech, he had previously refused to rule it out.
Xi also highlighted the role and importance of the CCP he leads, which celebrated its centenary this year.
According to him, the past 110 years have shown the Chinese people after the 1911 revolution that China needs strong strength.
“The past 110 years have shown us that in order to bring about national revival, the Chinese people must have a strong force that leads us forward, and that force is the Chinese Communist Party,” he said.
Xi, considered the most powerful leader after Mao took over the CCP, the military and the presidency, is due to complete his second term next year and is expected to remain in power, possibly for life, given the 2018 constitutional amendments that removed the two-term limit for the president.
So far, all of his predecessors have retired after two terms.
Emphasizing the importance of strong leadership, Xi said that without the CCP, there would be no new China or national revival.
Efforts must be made to ensure that the CCP always remains firmly the most reliable support for the Chinese nation and people.
“The past 110 years have shown us that the path we are following is fundamental to national revival. Socialism with Chinese characteristics turned out to be the only correct path.
“The past 110 years have shown us that to bring about national revival, the Chinese people and nation must stick together in good times and bad, and rely on our lasting unity to overcome all the risks and challenges ahead.
“On the journey ahead, we must fully promote patriotism, develop a strong sense of national dignity and trust among our people, and foster a sense of community in the Chinese nation,” he said, calling for “the broadest possible patriotic united front.” … “
“The past 110 years have shown us that in order to achieve national revival, China needs not only a stable and united internal environment, but also a peaceful and stable international environment,” the Chinese president said.