While reminders of past encounters, penalty shootouts and curses before England’s 1/8 final against Germany resonate with many, it is a long story for those who play at Wembley on Tuesday.
England lost to Germany in their last three major-tournament knockouts in 1990, 1996 and 2010, with the first two after penalties in the semi-finals particularly painful.
England coach Gareth Southgate is known to have missed the decisive penalty in the Euro 96 defeat, but his 12 teammates were not even born at the time, and his oldest member, Kyle Walker, was only six.
England had yet to appear in this tournament, although it did not look like a vintage German team.
Southgate has yet to decide on a starting lineup, and has several key decisions to make regarding his creative players: Jack Grealish is pushing for a start, Phil Foden is hoping for a recall, and Mason Mount may be at odds.
For German coach Joachim Low, a pair of midfielders Ilkay Gundogan and Toni Kroos will determine the pace and pace, with Thomas Müller leading the way. England have never won a European Championship knockout in 90 minutes – four of their games have gone to penalties, with England progressing only once, against Spain at Wembley at Euro 96.
In another game of the day in Glasgow, Sweden will face Ukraine in the 1/8 finals.