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Four sexually transmitted diseases that can lead to infertility


When it comes to health and wellness, there is no “too careful”. in pandemicpeople have a better understanding of reproductive health. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are sexually transmitted infections and, in some cases, can be caused by bacteria, viruses and parasites. Although both men and women are at equal risk of developing it, symptoms in women can become more severe and lead to infertility.

Dr. Meenakshi Dua, Senior Consultant at ART Fertility Clinics, says this should be taken seriously because “STIs can cause long-term harm to women by causing pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), pelvic abscess, tubal blockages, and tubal damage. in the form of a hydrosalpinx. It causes infertility, tubal pregnancy and chronic pelvic pain. ”

Some STDs, such as syphilis, can even cause congenital infections in a baby, she said.

The doctor lists four STDs and explains how they can lead to infertility.

Chlamydia

Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases. It is a bacterial infection that affects both men and women and carries the risk of transmitting the disease to the child in pregnant women. Most women develop chlamydial infections during adolescence and remain asymptomatic. This can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which can damage the female reproductive system, causing infertility.

Gonorrhea

It is an STD that is rarely symptomatic and is the second most common STD after chlamydia. Women may have spotting between periods, vaginal discharge, and painful urination. If left untreated, it can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, resulting in infertility or tubal pregnancy. Men do not always have symptoms of gonorrhea, although they may experience painful urination or a discharge of mucus from the penis.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

HIV-infected people are mostly of reproductive age. It is a serious but manageable disease that affects a person’s reproductive health. Some comorbidities associated with HIV / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), such as orchitis, acute epididymitis, and PID, are associated with infertility. That being said, there are assisted reproduction options such as IUI / IVF that can make having babies in serodiscordant couples a much safer option.

Herpes

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted infection that causes pain, itching, and sores in the genital area and around the mouth. Sexually transmitted. There is no cure for genital herpes, but treatment can help manage symptoms and reduce the outbreak. Research shows that herpes can lower sperm count in men and lower the chances of a successful pregnancy with your partner. If left untreated, it can even be passed on to newborns during childbirth.

“Early diagnosis can prevent complications. If a person has an STD, it is important that they receive treatment so they do not get infected again. It is advisable not to engage in any sexual activity until this point. STDs can remain in the body for years without showing any signs, and therefore, all sexually active people should have an annual check-up. Infection testing helps to make sure of both partners, ”the doctor advises.

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