Asked if the government is considering formulating a policy to introduce a two-child policy, Minister of State for Health Bharati Pravin Pawar told Lok Sabha on Friday that such a proposal is not being considered.
“No,” said Pavar, answering the question posed by Bjp MP Udai Pratap Singh.
“International experience shows that any coercion or dictate to have a certain number of children is counterproductive and leads to demographic distortions such as selective abortions based on gender, abandonment of girls and even infanticide of girls, compared with an intense preference for a son,” she said in a written response. , in which it is added that all this ultimately led to a distortion of the sex ratio.
Pawar added that states such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and other / UT states have succeeded in lowering fertility rates by adopting a holistic approach to family planning without resorting to any strict population control measures.
In addition, the 1994 Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development, Cairo, which India signed, is unequivocally opposed to coercion in family planning, Pavar said.
The minister also stated that the Government’s National Family Planning Program (NFPP), which provides citizens with voluntary and informed choices without discrimination through a targeted free approach, aims to curb population growth.
The various services provided under the NFPP include Mission Parivar Vikas, an expanded contraceptive choice, a reimbursement scheme for those taking sterilization, an IUD incentive scheme, an ASHA home delivery scheme, a pregnancy test kit scheme in kits ASHA and Family Planning Logistics Management Information System.
Thanks to these initiatives, the total fertility rate fell from 2.7 percent in 2005-2006 to 2.2 percent in 2015-16, she added.